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Abrash: A colour variation or stripe of a slightly different hue across the body of the carpet. It is the result of a slight colour difference in the dye lots used.

All-over design: A rug field pattern that instead of a repeated or regimented pattern , has large-scale patterns filling the field.

Antique finish: A chemical wash used to tone down colours and give rugs an old or antique appearance.

Border: A band or series of bands of designs surrounding the field and focal point of a carpet.

Bokhara: Name associated with Turkoman-design rugs woven in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Referring to the small repeated medallion design. Also an ancient marketplace for the rugs of Turkestan . This is also found in rugs from Afghanistan.

Colour-run: Term for the bleeding of one colour in a rug onto an adjacent colour.

Embroidery: Decoration done with a needle after the rug has been woven.

Flat-weave: Term used to describe any pileless weaving, such as Kelim or Soumak

Fringe: The loose ends of a carpet's warp threads emerging from the upper and lower ends of the carpet. It may be either knotted or plain.

Kelim: Flat-weave rugs (without a pile) They are tribal and come in many different styles and patterns and in a variety of qualities.

Mahi: Persian word for fish. Another term for the Herati pattern

Natural dye: A dye derived from a plant, root, flower, fruit, tree, insect or shell.

Panel design: Rug design in which the field is divided into rectangular compartments, each of which encloses one or more motifs.

Patina: The sheen aquired by the pile of a rug with age and use.

Pile: The nap of the rug; the clipped ends of the knotted wool.

Pushti: Persian term for a small pillow cover or small rug, approximately 60x90cm.

Selvedge: The side finish of a carpet. Also called overcast.

Slit-weave technique: Pileless rug-weaving technique in which when two different-colours meet, the two colours are kept separate so that each thread doubles back on itself, creating a slit at the juncture.

Warp: Threads running longitudinally through the carpet and attached to the loom during the weaving process. It is on the warp threads that the knots are tied.

Weft: Threads running perpendicular to the warp (left to right), used to secure the knots in place during the weaving process.

A Selection of our Rugs:
affordable, pure wool, tribal rug from Afghanistan . These hard-wearing rugs are traditionally red and black.

Kazak: A fine quality, wool tribal rug from Afghanistan . Traditionally rust with touches of cream, blue, green with generally strong geometric designs.

Turkoman: The finest quality of the tribal rugs. Pure wool, from Afghanistan . They are traditionally rust coloured with either a medallion or all-over geometric design. They also come in a “Biljik” quality, which is a very finely woven, collector's quality.

Chobi: A tribal rug from Afghanistan made using hand-spun wool and vegetable dyes. This gives a lovely slightly uneven texture. Because of the vegetable –dyes, the colours are often lighter and softer than other rugs, giving a more “antique” look. The colours and designs work well in both contemporary and more classic settings.

Ghazni: Tribal woollen rugs from Afghanistan . Similar to the Chobi's in that they're made using hand spun wool and vegetable dyes, but they are more contemporary in feel. The designs are simple bands or blocks of colour on a neutral background. Excellent for contemporary interiors, or where a simple, unobtrusive rug is called for.

Shiraz : An affordable, informal style woollen Persian rug from Iran . Traditionally red, pink, orange, blue with lively, geometric designs.

Quashgai: Woollen rugs on a cotton base from Iran . Similar to the Shiraz in colours and design, but slightly finer woven.

Gabbeh: Tribal woollen rugs from Iran . These are usually plain with just a few motives of animals on the corners. They're usually one-tone (bright primary colours or neutral cream), or two-tone, with a border and contrasting centre. These work very well in contemporary or more minimalist interiors.

Kuashguli: Tribal woollen rugs from Iran . Similar to the Gabbeh's, but much finer woven and with more detailed designs. These also work very well in contemporary or more minimalist interiors, but can be used in more traditional interiors too.

Uzbek: Tribal woollen rugs from Uzbekistan . Deigns are usually strong, bold and geometric, with an almost Aztec, or African feel. Made using vegetable dyes, which gives a slightly uneven, textured colouration, but colours are bolder than the Chobi's with red, blue, green and cream.


Wool and “silk-touch” rugs on a cotton or silk base. These are traditionally blue and cream or white, with traditional Persian medallion designs. They come in several different qualities, from affordable to collectors quality, depending on how fine the weave is and how much silk there is.

Kashmire: Wool and silk rugs from Kashmire. These are fine quality rugs usually in traditional designs. They come in a variety of colours and may give a very soft, classy impression, or else a bold dramatic one.

Karachi : A silky-feeling rug from Afghanistan . Pure wool on a cotton base. These come in a wide variety of colours. Although they do come in 3 different designs (Bokhara, Jaldar and Princess), the Bokhara is by far the most widespread and well-known. They are available in normal and then a “super-fine” quality which is thicker and more luxurious.

Kashan: Wool rugs on a cotton base. They use traditional rich colours and designs, often with a medallion.
Tabriz : The finest quality rugs. From Iran , they are usually wool and silk on a cotton- base, but may also be on a silk base. Designs are traditional, either a medallion, or “Mahi”, which is a very detailed, all-over design. Colours are usually pretty pinks and pastels on a cream background, but may be more dramatic, particularly in the “Mahi” design.

Bidjar: Very fine wool rugs on a cotton base from Iran . The designs are usually all-over and very detailed, with lots of colour. Because of all the colours, they are quite versatile and can go in many different settings which have a more traditional feel.

Senneh: Wool on cotton base rugs from Iran . Very detailed geometric designs, usually with lots of colour on a cream base.

Qum : 100% pure silk, extremely finely woven. These are collectors-quality pieces. Because of the silk, they have a lovely sheen to them. Designs are usually quite detailed, with a medallion, or a block design. Colours are usually blues, pinks, green, cream, etc. They're often used as wall-hangings as they're such exquisite works of art.

Isfahan : One of the top-quality rugs, from Iran . They may be wool and silk on a cotton or silk base. Designs are distinctive with the more traditional, floral look. Either with a medallion or all-over designs. They come in a wide variety of colours.

Yellemeh: Good quality rugs from Iran . They are colourful, with beautiful shades of blue, pink, green, orange, red, beige, yellow. The most common design is of three interlocked diamond-shaped medallions, surrounded by small geometric motifs.

Abadeh: Good quality rugs from Iran . The most common design is a large diamond medallion, with many small geometric motifs both within and around the medallion. Red or rust, usually dominates, with some blue and white in the detail.

A Selection of our Kelims:

Kelims are flat-weave rugs (without a pile) They are tribal and come in many different styles and patterns and in a variety of qualities.

Aubusson: Kelims generally with a floral medallion pattern in pastel colours. Once woven in France , the designs have been adapted to pile rugs in China . The kelims are now woven in India .

Maimana: Woollen kelims from Afghanistan . They're very popular due to their affordability and earthy colours of red, brown, black and blue in geometric designs.

Isari: Woollen kelims from Afghanistan . They are made using vegetable-dyes, so colours are unusually soft, with blues, greens and light browns; although sometimes there's also a bit of red. They work extremely well in a beach house.

Shiraz : Woollen kelims from Iran . They tend to be long and narrow in shape. They are finer–woven than the Maimana's. Colours are very bright and bold.

Meshed: Woollen kelims from Iran . Also long and narrow in shape, these are embroidered in bright colours over the kelim, in simple, linear designs.

Bakhtiari: Woollen kelims from Iran . They are very finely woven and have bright, detailed, all-over designs.

Belouch: These are mixed technique: part kelim, part carpet and part embroidery. This gives them an unusual textured effect. Designs are usually quite bold, with either a medallion, or an all-over design. The kelim base is a neutral sisal-colour and the carpet parts are usually rich shades of red, blue or dark green.

Caucasian: Very finely woven vegetable-dyed woollen kelims, from Afghanistan . Due to the vegetable dyes, they have a soft, almost antique look to them. The base colour is often a golden-sisal, with designs of terracotta, peach, soft turquoise, etc.
Turkoman: Extremely fine woollen kelims from Afghanistan . These have very detailed, fine designs in red and black.Soumak: These are fine kelims from Iran . They may be wool and cotton, but are often wool and silk on a cotton base. The designs are embroidered on over the kelim. Designs are small, detailed, all-over, often depicting animals. These are quite distinctive and due to their beauty and intricacy are often used as wall-hangings.